The word orthodontics comes from two Greek words: orthos- (straight) and odont- (teeth). The focus of orthodontics is the dental and skeletal malformations of head and neck area.
While malformations such as misaligned jaw are frequently genetic, when the patient is young and the malformation isn’t too severe, it can be treated by an orthodontic treatment only. If the patient is older or the malformation is severe, then the treatment is done with a collaboration of orthodontics and surgery. Other causes of facial and dental malformations can be habits such as using a feding bottle after teeth have erupted, finger sucking or nail biting. These problems need to be diagnosed and treated early to not cause severe problems.
There’s no age restriction in orthodontic treatments but the duration of the treatment changes based on age and malformation severity. In recent years there’s been a surge in adult orthodontics, particularly by using porcelain brackets to provide an esthetic look. On some occasions, orthodontic treatment can be used to help with prosthodontics treatment. Orthodontic treatments are easy and painless.